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Sunday, November 15, 2020 | History

5 edition of Older male mortality and cigarette smoking found in the catalog.

Older male mortality and cigarette smoking

a demographic analysis

by Samuel H. Preston

  • 50 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by Greenwood Press in Westport, Conn .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Men -- Mortality.,
  • Death -- Causes -- Statistics.,
  • Smoking -- Statistics.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementSamuel H. Preston.
    GenreStatistics.
    SeriesPopulation monograph series :, no. 7.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA408.M4 P74 1976
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 150 p. :
    Number of Pages150
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4877451M
    ISBN 10083718830X
    LC Control Number76004875
    OCLC/WorldCa2074235

      Main outcome measures Women-to-men prevalence ratios in smoking status, and the women-minus-men mean difference in age at smoking initiation, number of cigarettes smoked daily and age at smoking cessation in 5-year birth cohort bands. Results The women-to-men ever-smoking ratio ranged from in the oldest to in the youngest birth by:   Discussion. Using state-level data on smoking behaviors and mortality outcomes, we observed similar declines in the prevalence of smoking and prostate cancer mortality rates among adult men in 4.


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Older male mortality and cigarette smoking by Samuel H. Preston Download PDF EPUB FB2

Genre/Form: Statistics: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Preston, Samuel H. Older male mortality and cigarette smoking. Berkeley, Institute of International Studies, University of California [].

Older-Male-Mortality-And-Cigarette-Smoking-A-Demographic-Iq Adobe Acrobat Reader DCDownload Adobe Acrobat Reader DC Ebook PDF:With Acrobat Reader DC you can do more than just open and view PDF files Its easy to add annotations to documents using a.

Genre/Form: Statistics Statistiques: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Preston, Samuel H. Older male mortality and cigarette smoking. Westport, Conn. Among older adults (age ≥ 65 years), cigarette smoking is an important predictor of cancer mortality (Nash et al., ;Burns, ; Gellert et al., ).

Inabout million older. The absolute rates of total mortality among the current smokers and among those who had never smoked were, respectively, and deaths per person-years in the men and and Cited by: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S.

and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations.

This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older by: Cigarette Smoking and Mortality in Adults Aged 70 Years and Older: Results Fromthe NIH-AARP Cohort. Nash SH(1), Liao LM(2), Harris TB(3), Freedman ND(2). Author information: (1)Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland; Metabolic Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Cited by:   Attributable fractions for all-cause mortality in young and old adults were 63% (95% CI: 41%–85%) and 24% (95% CI: 12%–36%), respectively.

The authors estimated multivariate adjusted absolute risk (mortality) by Poisson regression and calculated risk differences and 95% CI by bootstrap by: 5. Cigarette smoking causes premature death: Life expectancy for smokers is at least 10 years shorter than for nonsmokers.

1,2. Quitting smoking before the age of 40 reduces the risk of dying from smoking-related disease by about 90%. Smoking is associated with around nine in ten cancers of the lip, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and oesophagus All types of tobacco exposure carry a risk of developing these cancers including chewing tobacco, using snuff, smoking cigars or smoking marijuana as well Older male mortality and cigarette smoking book the more obvious risk from cigarette Size: KB.

The relationship of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation to mortality was investigated among men screened for the MRFIT, cigarette smoking was an important risk factor for all-cause, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and cancer mortality.

These risks, on the log relative scale, were strongest for cancers of the lung, mouth, and by:   The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that the burden of death and disease from tobacco use in the United States is overwhelmingly caused by cigarettes and other combusted tobacco products (1).Cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S.

adults, and aboutU.S. deaths per year are caused by cigarette smoking Cited by: Lastly, smoking males have a 4 times greater likelihood for developing coronary heart disease, and women a 5 times greater likelihood.

In the late s women had lower smoking mortality rates than men, causing some to believe that perhaps women were not as affected by the harms of tobacco. Mortality rates increased substantially with increasing intensity of smoking, with rates approximately doubling in those smoking around 10 cigarettes per day and four- to five-fold those of never-smokers in current smokers of 25 or more cigarettes per by: Smoking and mortality among older men and women in three communities.

N Engl J Med. Jun 6; (23)– Carstensen JM, Pershagen G, Eklund G. Mortality in relation to cigarette and pipe smoking: 16 years' observation of 25, Swedish men.

J Epidemiol Community Health. Jun; 41 (2)– [PMC free article]Cited by:   Average life expectancy from age 70 was about 18 years in men who had never regularly smoked, 16 years for men who gave up smoking before age 70 but only about 14 years in men still smoking at age   It’s possible, several experts told The New York Times, that because Chinese men are more likely than women to be smokers, they could be hit harder than women.A World Health Organization study.

Preventing tobacco product use among youth is critical to ending the tobacco epidemic in the United States. Tobacco product use is started and established primarily during adolescence. 1,2 Nearly 9 out of 10 cigarette smokers first try cigarette smoking by and 98% first try smoking by age 1 Each day in the U.S.

about 1, youth under 18 years of age smoke their first cigarette. Black or African American is defined by the Office of Management and Budget as “a person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.” 1 There were over 40 million African Americans in the United States in —approximately 13% of the U.S.

population. Although African Americans usually smoke fewer cigarettes and start smoking cigarettes at an older.

Two of these were by Dr. Eduardo E. Arriaga-- New Life Tables for Latin American Populations in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries () and Mortality Decline and Its Demographic Effects in Latin America (); and one was by Dr.

Samuel H. Preston--Older Male Mortality and Cigarette Smoking (). Now we are happy to add to our. In the model for smoking, we modeled ever smoking because it better captures smoking history than current smoking and has stronger health effects.

Both loneliness and ever smoking have significant positive effects on 3-year mortality, but the size of the effect of loneliness on 3-year mortality does not change from the one in Figure by: Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of premature mortality in older adults and has been implicated in 6 of the top 14 causes of death for people age 65 years and older.

Cigarette smoking also complicates illnesses and conditions that are more prevalent in older people. Prevalence of tobacco smoking. Inover billion people smoked tobacco. Far more males than females smoked tobacco. Although it is declining worldwide and in many countries, the prevalence of tobacco smoking appears to be increasing in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region and the African Region.

Smoking is considered a health hazard because tobacco smoke contains nicotine, a poisonous alkaloid, and other harmful substances such as carbon monoxide, acrolein, ammonia, prussic acid, and a number of aldehydes and tars; in all tobacco contains some 4, chemicals.

In definitive proof that cigarette smoking is a serious health hazard. Variations in cigarette smoking exist among different Hispanic subgroups. Number of cigarettes smoked per day is highest among Cuban daily smokers than daily smokers within other Hispanic/Latino groups.

11 50% of Cuban men and more than 35% of Cuban women report smoking 20 or more cigarettes per day. 11 Mexican men and women are less likely than. Khaw and colleagues studied the predictors of stroke-associated mortality in the Rancho Bernardo study and determined that cigarette smoking was a stronger predictor of stroke mortality than blood pressure.

16 It was also a significant risk factor for stroke with relative risks ranging close to for heavy (i.e., 40 cigarettes or more per day. Loneliness Rivals Obesity, Smoking as Health Risk U.S. demographic and report being in worse health than older generations.

has the same impact on mortality as smoking 15 cigarettes a day. Lifelong smokers lose on average a decade of life vis-à-vis non-smokers.

Globally, tobacco causes about 5–6 million deaths annually. One billion tobacco-related deaths are predicted for the 21st century, with about half occurring before the age of In this paper, we consider a complete ban on the sale of cigarettes and find that such a ban, if effective, would Cited by: Tobacco Pipe, Handmade Wood Smoking Pipe, Perfect Beginner Pipe Kit for Smoking with Ultimate Guide E-Book, Gift Set and Accessories (Sunny Yellow) out of 5 stars 40 $Missing: mortality.

Number of cigarettes smoked per person per year. This is a list of countries by annual per capita consumption of tobacco cigarettes. Cigarettes are smoked by over 1 billion people, which is nearly 20% of the world's population in About million of these smokers are men.

While smoking rates have leveled off or declined in developed. The relation between serum potassium level and all-cause mortality was examined in a prospective study of 7, middle-aged British men followed for years (–). Men being treated for hypertension had a significantly lower mean (± standard error) potassium level than men not in treatment ( ± mmol/liter vs.

± Cited by: 27Plakson, Lora A.,Cigarette Smoking and Risk of Prostate Cancer in Middle-Aged Men, Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Vol. 12,July 28Ann Chao,Cigarette smoking, use of other tobacco products and stomach cancer mortality File Size: KB. Chapter 3 The American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study I: Year Followup of 1Million Men and Women David M.

Burns, Thomas G. Shanks, Won Choi, Michael J. Thun, Clark W. Heath, Jr., and Lawrence Garfinkel INTRODUCTION The American Cancer Society (ACS) Cancer Prevention Study I (CPS-I) is the largest prospective mortality study of diseases File Size: 5MB.

The excess mortality associated with cigarette smoking was less for men born in the 19th century and was greatest for men born in the s. The cigarette smoker versus non-smoker probabilities of dying in middle age (35–69) were 42% v 24% (a twofold death rate ratio) for those born in –, but were 43% v 15% (a threefold death rate Cited by: 6.

Blom was born on May 8, in Adelaide, South Africa, a rural town in the Eastern Cape province. The centenarian has no special words of advice or explanation for his old age, and although he no. smoked as well as duration of cigarette smoking were strongly associated with all-cause mortality. Average cigarette smoking reduced the total life expectancy by years, whereas heavy cigarette smoking reduced the total life expectancy by years.

The number of total life-years lost due to cigar or pipe smoking was years. Smoking-attributable cancer mortality estimates are currently available nationally and by cancer, but not by state. To calculate the proportion of cancer deaths among adults 35 years and older that were attributable to cigarette smoking in in each state and the District of Columbia.

Cigarettes with lower machine measured “tar” and nicotine yields have been marketed as “safer” than high tar products over the last four decades, but there is conflicting evidence about the impact of these products on the disease burden caused by smoking.

This paper critically examines the epidemiological evidence relevant to the health consequences of “reduced yield” by: Abstract. Cigarette smoking is the largest preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Dramatic changes in the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the second half of this century in the United States (i.e., a reduction among men and an increase among women) have reduced current smoking levels to approximately one quarter of the adult.

Objective To investigate the impact of smoking and smoking cessation on cardiovascular mortality, acute coronary events, and stroke events in people aged 60 and older, and to calculate and report risk advancement periods for cardiovascular mortality in addition to traditional epidemiological relative risk measures.

Design Individual participant meta-analysis Cited by:. There is a strong dose-response relation with heavy smoking, duration of smoking, and early uptake associated with higher risks of smoking related disease and mortality.

Data from 40 years of follow up of smokers in a prospective cohort study of male British doctors show the impact of smoking on longevity at different levels of by:   Cigarette Smoking and Prostate Cancer Mortality in Four US States, – Methods We studied men aged 35 years or older from California, Kentucky, Maryland, and Utah.

Data on state.Prevalence of tobacco use is reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), which focuses on cigarette smoking due to reported data limitations.

Smoking has therefore been studied more extensively than any other form of consumption. Smoking is generally five times more prevalent among men than women; however, the gender gap differs across countries and is .